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Textile Outlook International
Issue 139:
June 2009

Product Overview
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Reports in this issue
Editorial: Brazil's Textile and Clothing Industry Rides out the Storm--but for How Long? (4 pages)
Prospects for the Textile and Garment Industry in China (40 pages)
Survey of the European Yarn Fairs for Spring/Summer 2010 (13 pages)
International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting (28 pages)
Textiles and Clothing: Opportunities for Recycling
World Trade in Socks (16 pages)

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International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting
Buy 'International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting' now 28 pages, published in Issue 139, June 2009  
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The cost of producing yarns and fabrics using most of the main processing technologies increased between 2006 and 2008 in Brazil, China, India, Italy, South Korea, Turkey and the USA, according to the International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF).

Raw material costs increased over the period for all manufacturing processes in all seven countries with one exception. In South Korea the cost of raw materials for producing woven fabric made from textured yarn fell. Meanwhile, manufacturing costs—including labour, power and depreciation costs, among others—increased for all manufacturing processes in all seven countries with three exceptions. One exception was the production of textured yarn, where manufacturing costs fell in the case of all countries surveyed. The other exceptions were the production of knitted fabric from ring yarn and the production of knitted fabric from rotor yarn, where, in a number of cases, costs remained the same.

In yarn manufacture, total costs in ring spinning were highest in Italy—due to high manufacturing costs—and lowest in India, although the USA enjoyed the lowest raw material prices. The USA also recorded the lowest raw material costs in rotor spinning, which resulted in the lowest total costs. Total costs were highest, meanwhile, in Egypt. In texturing, the USA suffered the highest total costs in 2008, ahead of Italy, while South Korea and India had the most competitive costs.

In weaving, total costs for producing fabric made from ring spun yarn were highest in Italy, followed by the USA, while costs in all of the other six countries were significantly lower. Total costs for producing woven fabric made from rotor spun yarn were highest in Italy while costs in all the other countries surveyed were similarly competitive. Meanwhile, total costs for producing woven fabric made from textured yarn were again highest in Italy, while Egypt enjoyed by far the lowest costs.

In knitting, total costs were made up almost entirely of raw material costs as manufacturing costs were negligible. However, in all processes total costs were highest in Italy. At the other end of the scale, India enjoyed the lowest costs in the production of knitted fabric made from ring spun yarn and textured yarn, while the USA enjoyed the lowest costs in the production of knitted fabric made from rotor spun yarn.

Table of Contents
International Comparison of Production Costs: Spinning, Texturing, Weaving and Knitting
  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Spinning
  • Texturing
  • Weaving
  • Knitting
  • Appendix: Assumptions Underlying Cost Calculations

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Six times a year, Textile Outlook International provides up to 200 pages of expert comment and analysis. A subscription provides an overview of the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. It is essential reading for senior executives in the fibre, textile and apparel industries – and for anyone who is not involved in the industry, but needs to quickly gain an understanding of the key issues.
Reports in Textile Outlook International include:
 country profiles – providing a comprehensive guide to the textile and clothing industries in a range of countries and regions. The reports include an economic and political profile together with a comprehensive overview of the main issues, plus an outlook for the future.
 company profiles – giving you the opportunity to learn from strategies employed by others. Companies profiled recently include retailers, manufacturers, innovators and sourcing companies involved in textiles and apparel as well as smaller companies which illustrate the opportunities for firms which are interested in selected sourcing locations.
 trends in world textile and apparel trade and production – taking into account current issues facing the industry – such as global fibre prices; competition from China and other low cost countries; the elimination of quotas and imposition of selective new ones; relocation of production operations; the impact of economic factors affecting trade; international trade agreements; trade promotion agreements (TPAs); and much more.
 trends in EU and US imports of textiles and clothing – providing comprehensive statistical data and analysis of the top ten supplying countries to the EU and US markets. These reports are updated each year and contain value and volume data as well as average prices and analyses of trends for up to 15 product categories.
 innovations, technological developments, business development opportunities, individual sector analysis and political implications which affect players in the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. Some of the topics which have been covered in recent reports include: new innovations in the textile and clothing industry, such as environmentally friendly textiles, plant based fibres, and developments in textile colorants; innovations in textile machinery; and overviews of the European swimwear, hosiery and lingerie markets.
So whether you are involved in fibres, textiles or clothing – in manufacturing, spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing, import/export, retailing – or if you are in education or consultancy or investment or finance, a subscription to Textile Outlook International will tell you what you need to know about the key trends in the industry.
Textile Outlook International is available on subscription – either in printed format only, or in printed and electronic format. If you choose the printed only option, you will receive 6 printed publications a year, containing a total of 30 reports plus editorials written by Robin Anson, our editorial director and in-house industry expert.
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