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Trade in Textiles and Clothing: The Way Forward from 2005
published in Issue 112, July-August 2004
With the abolition of quotas only a few months away, questions are being raised about the impact of quota elimination on the future of the textile and clothing industry. How will smaller economies be affected? Will global markets expand? Who will be the winners and losers? Will importing countries adopt other protectionist measures to replace quotas? And what strategies are needed to maintain growth?
After the quota phase-out was introduced in 1995 under the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC), industrial countries looked for new ways of protecting their textile industries, and helping them to maximise their share of global production and trade, for as long as possible. One way has been to use rules of origin to reward certain “preferential suppliers” with special duty rates, or zero duties, and quota-free access—provided that the garments they export are made from EU- and US-produced yarns and fabrics. In offering special tariff rates, importing countries forego significant duty revenues and therefore effectively subsidise their textile industries. In the USA this subsidy is estimated at US$2.5 bn or more a year.
This policy has, however, made preferential exporting countries reliant on the EU and the USA for their markets—as well as for supplies of materials which are not cost effective. It has also suppressed the development of these preferential countries’ own textile industries. Such countries will further lose some of their competitive advantage if and when tariffs are reduced in the Doha Round. The USA and the EU will therefore need to relax their rules of origin to enable preferential countries to compete, and to avoid a rush to alternative forms of protection after quotas have been eliminated.
Six times a year, Textile Outlook International provides up to 200 pages of expert comment and analysis. A subscription provides an overview of the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. It is essential reading for senior executives in the fibre, textile and apparel industries – and for anyone who is not involved in the industry, but needs to quickly gain an understanding of the key issues.
Reports in Textile Outlook International include:
country profiles – providing a comprehensive guide to the textile and clothing industries in a range of countries and regions. The reports include an economic and political profile together with a comprehensive overview of the main issues, plus an outlook for the future.
company profiles – giving you the opportunity to learn from strategies employed by others. Companies profiled recently include retailers, manufacturers, innovators and sourcing companies involved in textiles and apparel as well as smaller companies which illustrate the opportunities for firms which are interested in selected sourcing locations.
trends in world textile and apparel trade and production – taking into account current issues facing the industry – such as global fibre prices; competition from China and other low cost countries; the elimination of quotas and imposition of selective new ones; relocation of production operations; the impact of economic factors affecting trade; international trade agreements; trade promotion agreements (TPAs); and much more.
trends in EU and US imports of textiles and clothing – providing comprehensive statistical data and analysis of the top ten supplying countries to the EU and US markets. These reports are updated each year and contain value and volume data as well as average prices and analyses of trends for up to 15 product categories.
innovations, technological developments, business development opportunities, individual sector analysis and political implications which affect players in the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. Some of the topics which have been covered in recent reports include: new innovations in the textile and clothing industry, such as environmentally friendly textiles, plant based fibres, and developments in textile colorants; innovations in textile machinery; and overviews of the European swimwear, hosiery and lingerie markets.
So whether you are involved in fibres, textiles or clothing – in manufacturing, spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing, import/export, retailing – or if you are in education or consultancy or investment or finance, a subscription to Textile Outlook International will tell you what you need to know about the key trends in the industry.
Textile Outlook International is available on subscription – either in printed format only, or in printed and electronic format. If you choose the printed only option, you will receive 6 printed publications a year, containing a total of 30 reports plus editorials written by Robin Anson, our editorial director and in-house industry expert.
Electronic supplement If you choose the printed and electronic option, you will receive an extra service. You will still receive each issue in printed format, delivered to you by traditional post.
In addition, you will be able to download PDF files containing the same information – but the PDF files will be available immediately on publication, so you don’t have to wait for the printing and mailing. You also have all the benefits of electronic files: instant access even when you are away from the office; convenient storage in your PC or laptop; portability; electronic search facility; and copy/paste facility.
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