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Textile Outlook International
Issue 137:
September-October 2008

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Reports in this issue
Editorial: the Global Economic Crisis Looks Set to Engulf the Textile and Clothing Industry in Asia (3 pages)
World Textile and Apparel Trade and Production Trends: China, South-East Asia and South Asia (47 pages)
Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2009/10 (15 pages)
Global trends in fibre prices, production and consumption, September-October 2008 (25 pages)
World markets for textile machinery: part 2 -- fabric manufacture, September-October 2008 (41 pages)
The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP): Impact on Textile and Clothing Trade (25 pages)

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The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP): Impact on Textile and Clothing Trade

Buy 'The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP): Impact on Textile and Clothing Trade' now 25 pages, published in Issue 137, September-October 2008  
Report price: Euro 395.00; US$ 520.00  

The Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) enables exporters in developing countries to benefit from preferential tariffs in the markets of industrialised countries. Its aim is to help those countries to generate additional export revenue and reduce poverty.

The first GSP schemes were launched in Europe, Japan and the USA in the 1970s, followed by schemes in various other countries. However, the EU’s schemes are the most widely used, and 176 countries benefit from them. Imports under the schemes increased by 10% in 2006 and 12% in 2007 to reach Euro57 bn (US$78 bn). There are three types of scheme. The standard GSP is a non-negotiated arrangement under which the EU provides non-reciprocal preferential access. In the case of textiles and clothing, GSP duties amount to 80% of the full common customs tariff. GSP+ aims to encourage sustainable development and good governance in vulnerable developing countries. Beneficiaries must ratify and apply 27 core United Nations (UN) and International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions relating to such matters as human and labour rights, the environment, the fight against drug production and trafficking, and corruption. The Everything But Arms (EBA) GSP scheme offers duty-free and quota-free access to least developed countries (LDCs) for all products except arms and armaments. Leading LDC producers and exporters of textile goods include Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lesotho and Madagascar.

The GSP is governed by strict rules of origin—to ensure that the benefits go only to the countries intended. Products “originate” in a country if they were wholly obtained in the country or sufficiently worked upon or processed within it. However, “cumulation” rules enable production processes to take place in certain locations elsewhere without affecting the country’s entitlement to GSP benefits.

In December 2008 the EU announced that 16 countries would benefit from GSP+ between January 1, 2009, and the end of 2011. However, the eligibility of one of the biggest beneficiaries, Sri Lanka, is subject to a European Commission review following allegations of human rights violations. This is casting a shadow over the Sri Lankan garment export sector, which employs nearly 300,000 people, and there are fears that the entire textile and clothing industry could be put at risk if the benefits under GSP+ come to an end.

Table of Contents
The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP): Impact on Textile and Clothing Trade
  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Development of the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)
  • The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) Scheme
  • Differences Between Standard GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) Schemes
  • EU Rules of Origin and Cumulation
  • The EU's New Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) Regulation for 2009-11
  • Impact of the EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) on the Development of Poor Countries

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Product Overview   

Six times a year, Textile Outlook International provides up to 200 pages of expert comment and analysis. A subscription provides an overview of the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. It is essential reading for senior executives in the fibre, textile and apparel industries – and for anyone who is not involved in the industry, but needs to quickly gain an understanding of the key issues.
Reports in Textile Outlook International include:
 country profiles – providing a comprehensive guide to the textile and clothing industries in a range of countries and regions. The reports include an economic and political profile together with a comprehensive overview of the main issues, plus an outlook for the future.
 company profiles – giving you the opportunity to learn from strategies employed by others. Companies profiled recently include retailers, manufacturers, innovators and sourcing companies involved in textiles and apparel as well as smaller companies which illustrate the opportunities for firms which are interested in selected sourcing locations.
 trends in world textile and apparel trade and production – taking into account current issues facing the industry – such as global fibre prices; competition from China and other low cost countries; the elimination of quotas and imposition of selective new ones; relocation of production operations; the impact of economic factors affecting trade; international trade agreements; trade promotion agreements (TPAs); and much more.
 trends in EU and US imports of textiles and clothing – providing comprehensive statistical data and analysis of the top ten supplying countries to the EU and US markets. These reports are updated each year and contain value and volume data as well as average prices and analyses of trends for up to 15 product categories.
 innovations, technological developments, business development opportunities, individual sector analysis and political implications which affect players in the global fibre, textile and apparel industries. Some of the topics which have been covered in recent reports include: new innovations in the textile and clothing industry, such as environmentally friendly textiles, plant based fibres, and developments in textile colorants; innovations in textile machinery; and overviews of the European swimwear, hosiery and lingerie markets.
So whether you are involved in fibres, textiles or clothing – in manufacturing, spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing, import/export, retailing – or if you are in education or consultancy or investment or finance, a subscription to Textile Outlook International will tell you what you need to know about the key trends in the industry.
Textile Outlook International is available on subscription – either in printed format only, or in printed and electronic format. If you choose the printed only option, you will receive 6 printed publications a year, containing a total of 30 reports plus editorials written by Robin Anson, our editorial director and in-house industry expert.
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