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    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
Staple fibre:
short length fibres, as distinct from continuous filaments, which are twisted together (spun) to form a coherent yarn. Most natural fibres are staple fibres, the main exception being silk which is a filament yarn. Most man-made staple fibres are produced in this form by slicing up a tow of continuous filament.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Staple fibres (man-made):
man-made fibres of predetermined short lengths, usually prepared by cutting or breaking filaments of the material into lengths suitable for their intended processing route.

a narrow tube commonly used to keep blood vessels open in the arteries.
Last referenced in: World markets for textile machinery: part 3 -- finishing, November-December 2007 (Textile Outlook International Issue 132)

Stitchbonded fabric:
a fabric made by stitchbonding.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: ten smaller producers, part 3 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

a process in which a series of interlooped stitches are inserted along the length of a pre-formed fabric, an array of cross-laid yarns or a fibre web. Proprietary systems include Arachne, Malipol and Maliwatt.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Stock dyeing:
dyeing which is carried out at the fibre stage.

Stock-keeping unit (SKU):
a unique numerical reference—such as a serial number, bar code or other numerical code—which is used to identify a product in a factory, warehouse, mailing system or retail outlet. An SKU is an integral part of a data management system and is used to systematically track and report stock levels, often automatically or with limited human input.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: business update, 4th quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 24)

Stone washing:
a washing process in which jeans are put into a machine with a perforated drum, pumice stone is added, and the jeans are then tumbled in the machine. Stone washing creates a worn look on the surface of the fabric and imparts a soft handle.

the change in length per unit length of a material in any given direction.
Last referenced in: Editorial: innovations in composites for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

an effect applied to a yarn to give the appearance of striations—lines of colour or fine parallel scratches or grooves, as on the surface of a rock over which a glacier has flowed.

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