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Textiles Intelligence
Textiles Glossary
  in Terms
  in Terms & Definitions
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Stent:
a narrow tube commonly used to keep blood vessels open in the arteries.
Last referenced in: World markets for textile machinery: part 3 -- finishing, November-December 2007 (Textile Outlook International Issue 132)

Stitchbonded fabric:
a fabric made by stitchbonding.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: part 3 -- ten smaller producers, 1st quarter 2014 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Stitchbonding:
a process in which a series of interlooped stitches are inserted along the length of a pre-formed fabric, an array of cross-laid yarns or a fibre web. Proprietary systems include Arachne, Malipol and Maliwatt.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Stock-keeping unit (SKU):
a unique numerical reference—such as a serial number, bar code or other numerical code—which is used to identify a product in a factory, warehouse, mailing system or retail outlet. An SKU is an integral part of a data management system and is used to systematically track and report stock levels, often automatically or with limited human input.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: business update, 4th quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 24)

Strain:
the change in length per unit length of a material in any given direction.
Last referenced in: Editorial: innovations in composites for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Striated:
an effect applied to a yarn to give the appearance of striations—lines of colour or fine parallel scratches or grooves, as on the surface of a rock over which a glacier has flowed.

Subcontracting:
An arrangement whereby one business (subcontractor) manufactures all or part of a specific product on behalf of another business (main contractor) in accordance with plans and technical specifications supplied by the main contractor. The main contractor has final economic responsibility in such an arrangement.
Last referenced in: Prospects for the textile and clothing industry in the Philippines (Textile Outlook International Issue 167)

Subgrade intrusion (geotextiles):
localised penetration of a soft cohesive subgrade and resulting displacement of the subgrade into a cohesionless material.

Sublimation:
a process in which a substance is changed directly from a solid into a gas or vapour without first melting.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 3rd quarter 2012 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 19)

Substantivity:
the attraction between a fibre and a substance (such as a chemical finish) under conditions whereby the substance is selectively extracted by the fibre from the application medium (for example, water).

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