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Textiles Intelligence
Textiles Glossary
  in Terms
  in Terms & Definitions
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Stent:
a narrow tube commonly used to keep blood vessels open in the arteries.
Last referenced in: World Markets for Textile Machinery: Part 3--Finishing (Textile Outlook International Issue 132)

Stitchbonded fabric:
a fabric made by stitchbonding.

Stitchbonding:
a process in which a series of interlooped stitches are inserted along the length of a pre-formed fabric, an array of cross-laid yarns or a fibre web. Proprietary systems include Arachne, Malipol and Maliwatt.

Stock-keeping unit (SKU):
a unique numerical reference—such as a serial number, bar code or other numerical code—which is used to identify a product in a factory, warehouse, mailing system or retail outlet. An SKU is an integral part of a data management system and is used to systematically track and report stock levels, often automatically or with limited human input.

Strain:
the change in length per unit length of a material in any given direction.
Last referenced in: Compression garments for enhanced performance (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 23)

Striated:
an effect applied to a yarn to give the appearance of striations—lines of colour or fine parallel scratches or grooves, as on the surface of a rock over which a glacier has flowed.

Subcontracting:
An arrangement whereby one business (subcontractor) manufactures all or part of a specific product on behalf of another business (main contractor) in accordance with plans and technical specifications supplied by the main contractor. The main contractor has final economic responsibility in such an arrangement.

Subgrade intrusion (geotextiles):
localised penetration of a soft cohesive subgrade and resulting displacement of the subgrade into a cohesionless material.

Sublimation:
a process in which a substance is changed directly from a solid into a gas or vapour without first melting.

Substantivity:
the attraction between a fibre and a substance (such as a chemical finish) under conditions whereby the substance is selectively extracted by the fibre from the application medium (for example, water).

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