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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Circular jersey:
fabric produced on circular knitting machines. (See also circular knitting, weft knitting.)
Last referenced in: World markets for textile machinery: part 2—fabric manufacture, October 2013 (Textile Outlook International Issue 165)

Circular knitting:
a fabric production technique in which fabric is knitted in the form of a tube. Usually, this is subsequently slit and finished as open width fabric. However, in the case of smaller width machines, the circular knitting process is used to make body width tubes which need not be slit, thus avoiding the need for a seam and thereby increasing wearer comfort. These machines can be further modified to knit body blanks which incorporate some shaping and are separated by a draw-thread.
Last referenced in: Prospects for the textile and clothing industry in China (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Ciré:
a lightweight performance fabric with a shiny surface made from synthetic fibres for use in outerwear.

Clo (or CLO):
a US unit indicating the insulation value of clothing and bedding. It is measured in kcal/m2/hr of heat exchange by radiation and convection for each degree Celsius of temperature difference between the skin and the ambient temperature. 1 clo = 1.55 tog. See also tog.
Last referenced in: World Textile and Apparel Trade and Production Trends: China, South-East Asia and South Asia (Textile Outlook International Issue 137)

Clo value:
the amount of insulation required to keep a resting subject with a metabolism of 50 kcal/metre2/hour comfortable for an indefinite period of time at a temperature of 21ºC (70ºF).

Clogging (geotextiles):
see blinding.
Last referenced in: Innovations in fibres, textiles, apparel and machinery, November-December 2008 (Textile Outlook International Issue 138)

Cloqué:
a compound or double fabric with a figured blister effect, produced by using yarns of different character or twist which respond in different ways to finishing treatments.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

CM:
cut and make. (See also CMT.)
Last referenced in: Developments in Apparel Technology (Textile Outlook International Issue 130)

CMT:
cut, make and trim. A system whereby a manufacturer produces garments for a customer by cutting fabric provided by the customer and sewing the cut fabric into garments in accordance with the customers specification. In general, companies operating on a CMT basis do not become involved in the design of the garment but are merely concerned with its manufacture
Last referenced in: Profiles of major textile and clothing manufacturers and retailers in South Africa (Textile Outlook International Issue 167)

COD:
chemical oxygen demand. The amount of oxygen required to degrade organic compounds in an effluent stream.
Last referenced in: Profile of Kwintet: A Leading Supplier of Workwear (Technical Textile Markets Issue 67)

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