We use cookies to improve your browsing experience. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to accept cookies from our website. You can change your browser's cookie settings at any time. To find out more about how we use cookies and how to manage your browser settings read our cookies policy.
Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Polar solvent:
a solvent containing molecules in which there is an uneven distribution of electrons and therefore a permanent dipole moment.

Polyamide:
another word for nylon.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Polyamide salt:
the substance which is polymerised to produce nylon polymer. Polyamide salt is formed when adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine react to neutralise each other.

Polyester:
a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Although there are many types of polyester, the term is used commonly to refer to polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Polymer:
a long molecule made up from many smaller repeat molecules; the following polymers are the main ones used to make synthetic fibres: polyacrylic; polyamide (nylon); polyester; polypropylene; and polyurethane.
Last referenced in: Product developments and innovations in the home textiles market, April 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Polymerisation:
the process of linking small chemical units together to form larger molecules.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Polymerise:
the process of linking small chemical units together to form larger molecules.
Last referenced in: Technical textile markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2013 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 92)

Polynosic:
a type of cellulosic fibre characterised by a high wet modulus of elasticity. When sanded or raised, fabrics made from this fibre have the soft, peachskin surface found in washed silks.

Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT):
a polymer used in the manufacture of fibres and textiles with stretch properties, including those developed by Toray Industries and known as 3GT.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 3rd quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 23)

Pongee:
a lustrous lightweight plain-weave fabric, originally woven in silk.

previous next