We use cookies to improve your browsing experience. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to accept cookies from our website. You can change your browser's cookie settings at any time. To find out more about how we use cookies and how to manage your browser settings read our cookies policy.
Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Fleece fabrics:
a variety of knitted and brushed fabrics which were originally used as furnishing velours. Brushing raises the nap to give a "shaggy" effect. The nap is then sheared to a depth suitable for the intended end use.
Last referenced in: Fleece fabrics and garments: lightweight warmth for better performance (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 25)

Floating (warp):
a length of warp yarn which passes over two or more weft threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2013/14 (Textile Outlook International Issue 160)

Floating (weft):
a length of weft yarn which passes over two or more warp threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.

Floats:
warp float: a length of warp yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more weft threads; weft float: a length of weft yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more warp threads.

Flock:
a material obtained by reducing textile fibres to fragments by, for example, cutting, tearing, or grinding.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Flock printing:
a process in which a fabric is printed with an adhesive, followed by the application of finely chopped fibres over the whole surface of the fabric by means of dusting-on, an air blast, or electrostatic attraction. The fibres adhere to the printed areas, and are removed from the unprinted areas by mechanical action.

Flocking:
a process in which short chopped lengths of fibre (flock) are applied to an adhesive coated backing fabric or other substrate. The application is usually carried out electrostatically.

Flounce:
Hanging strips of material which are normally sewn to the hem of a skirt.

Fluffing:
see filamentation.

Fluorescent material:
a material which absorbs certain wavelengths of light and emits or reflects wavelengths that are longer than those which are absorbed.
Last referenced in: High visibility apparel: providing protection, comfort and style (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 40)

previous next