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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Fleece fabric:
a fabric, usually knitted, with a heavy napped surface on one side. The fabric is produced using two types of yarn, one for the face area and the other for the reverse. After fabric formation and processing, the reverse area is brushed to produce the fleece effect. The inside surface of a sweatshirt is usually napped. Pile or napped fabric with a deep, soft, woolly-style surface.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: business update, 1st quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 21)

Fleece fabrics:
a variety of knitted and brushed fabrics which were originally used as furnishing velours. Brushing raises the nap to give a "shaggy" effect. The nap is then sheared to a depth suitable for the intended end use.
Last referenced in: Fleece fabrics and garments: lightweight warmth for better performance (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 25)

Floating (warp):
a length of warp yarn which passes over two or more weft threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2013/14 (Textile Outlook International Issue 160)

Floating (weft):
a length of weft yarn which passes over two or more warp threads (rather than intersecting with them) in a woven structure.

Floats:
warp float: a length of warp yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more weft threads; weft float: a length of weft yarn on the surface of a woven fabric which passes over two or more warp threads.

Flock:
a material obtained by reducing textile fibres to fragments by, for example, cutting, tearing, or grinding.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Flock printing:
a process in which a fabric is printed with an adhesive, followed by the application of finely chopped fibres over the whole surface of the fabric by means of dusting-on, an air blast, or electrostatic attraction. The fibres adhere to the printed areas, and are removed from the unprinted areas by mechanical action.

Flocking:
a process in which short chopped lengths of fibre (flock) are applied to an adhesive coated backing fabric or other substrate. The application is usually carried out electrostatically.

Flounce:
Hanging strips of material which are normally sewn to the hem of a skirt.

Fluffing:
see filamentation.

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