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    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
a process in which the body temperature is maintained at a level which maximises comfort and performance.
Last referenced in: Temperature control fabrics: optimising wearer comfort (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 44)

thermosetting resins or polymers formed by chemical cross-linking which renders them permanently solid. This reaction is irreversible and, unlike thermoplastics, thermosets do not melt when heated. Typical thermosets are polyesters, acrylics, epoxies, phenolics and vinyl esters.

Third country fabric provision:
also referred to as the special apparel provision. See AGOA.
Last referenced in: UK Wool Textile Industry (Textile Outlook International Issue 16)

the direction of the fibres or yarns in the warp, weft or bias of a construction.

Through-air bonding:
see air-through bonding.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: 20 medium sized producers, part 2 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 95)

a traditional dyeing process in which fabric is tied and dyed.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for autumn/winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 165)

Tier 1:
In a tiered supply chain, a Tier 1 company is the most important member and supplies components directly to the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) which set up the chain. Tier 2 companies supply companies in Tier 1 while Tier 3 companies supply companies in Tier 2, and so on. Tiered supply chains are common in industries such as aerospace or automotive manufacturing where the final product consists of many complex components and sub-assemblies which must comply with stringent standards relating to quality, manufacturing and business processes. In automotive manufacturing, the OEM is the vehicle manufacturer. The manufacturing plants of Tier 1 companies are generally in close proximity to their customers in order to facilitate "just in time" or "in-sequence" deliveries whereby materials and components are assembled in response to specific orders and delivered directly to an automotive assembly line in accordance with a predetermined schedule.

Tinting (denim):
a process used to overdye pre?dyed denim with a tinting dye to give the correct shade of blue required. Tinting can also be used to treat fabric with a pale blue tinting dye in order to improve the whiteness of any undyed parts. This process is often carried out as an alternative to using a fluorescent whitening agent to improve the whiteness of undyed material.

linear density. (See also denier, decitex.)
Last referenced in: Editorial: Dornbirn 2012 -- A Showcase for New Cellulosic Fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

a unit used in Europe for the insulating properties of items such as duvets and sleeping bags. It is defined in the British Standards BS4745:1990 and BS5335:1991. Tog is analogous to the US clo unit (1 tog = 0.64 clo).
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: part 3 -- ten smaller producers, 1st quarter 2008 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 72)

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