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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Shin gosen:
fabrics made from ultra-fine polyester filament yarns with enhanced comfort, handle, drape and aesthetics. Shin gosen fabrics are designed specifically to appeal to end users by employing a combination of sophisticated fibre and fabric processing technologies.

Shirring:
Making puckers or gathers in a fabric, often by using elasticated thread in parallel rows.
Last referenced in: New Technologies and Techniques for Garment Decoration (Textile Outlook International Issue 158)

Shives (flax):
short pieces of woody waste beaten from flax straw during scutching.

Shot:
a colour effect seen in a fabric woven with a warp of one colour and a weft of a contrasting colour.
Last referenced in: World trade in T-shirts (Global Apparel Markets Issue 1)

Silicone softeners:
softeners applied to improve the softness and handle of a fabric. Silicone softeners work by filling in irregularities in the fibre surface and thereby make surfaces feel and appear smoother. This, in turn, enables the fibres to slip easily past one another and prevent fibres sticking together.

Single knitted fabric:
a fabric produced by knitting a single yarn continuously. In this type of fabric, the face and the back show different patterns.

Sinker:
a sinker is a blade which works in conjunction with knitting needles, and assists with loop formation and holding a fabric down.
Last referenced in: Fast track: innovations at ITMA (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 38)

Sintering:
a process in which larger particles are formed by applying heat and/or pressure to a powder.

Sirospun yarns:
worsted ply yarns spun on a slightly modified ring-spinning frame, which creates the yarns directly from two rovings. In forming the yarns, the spinning frame twists the two rovings together, thereby holding the fibres in place. The process, developed in Australia, eliminates the step of forming two separate single yarns.

Size:
a gelatinous film-forming substance applied to yarns (usually warp) before weaving to protect, strengthen and lubricate them during weaving.
Last referenced in: Introduction to radio frequency identification (RFID) in apparel (Global Apparel Markets Issue 3)

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