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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Chainette:
a tubular cord produced on a circular knitting machine.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Challis:
a lightweight plain-weave fabric, made from cotton or wool, usually with a printed design.

Chambray:
a cotton shirting fabric woven with a coloured warp and white weft.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Changeant:
see shot.

Charmeuse:
a lightweight fabric woven with a satin weave constructed so that the warp threads cross over three or more of the backing (weft) threads. The front side of the fabric has a satin finish—which is lustrous and reflective—whereas the back has a dull finish. The fabric can be made of silk, or a synthetic substitute such as polyester.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Spring/Summer 2013 (Textile Outlook International Issue 156)

Cheesecloth:
an open lightweight plain-weave fabric, usually made from carded cotton yarns.
Last referenced in: World textile and apparel trade and production trends: the USA, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico, February 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 167)

Chelate:
a chemical compound whose molecules contain a closed ring of atoms, of which one is a metal atom.

Chelating agent:
a chemical compound which coordinates with a metal to form a chelate, and which is often used to trap or remove heavy metal ions.
Last referenced in: Developments in medical textiles, 4th quarter 2009 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 79)

Chelator:
substance which binds particular ions, removing them from solution.

Chemical bonding:
part of a production route for making nonwovens; binders are applied to a web which, when dried, bond the individual fibres to form a coherent sheet.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

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