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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Blinding (geotextiles):
a condition in which soil particles block openings on the surface of a geotextile, thereby reducing the hydraulic conductivity of the geotextile.

Blooming:
the tendency of a yarn to become fuller-looking when wetted and dried under certain conditions. In practice, the overall yarn diameter increases slightly—resulting in a "halo effect" or softer look—and the length diminishes. The effect usually results fro

BMC (composites):
bulk moulding compound.

BOD:
biological oxygen demand-a measure of pollution by oxygen-consuming organic materials in an effluent stream.
Last referenced in: The EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP): Impact on Textile and Clothing Trade (Textile Outlook International Issue 137)

Boiling:
a process in which a yarn or garment made from staple fibre containing wool or animal hair is left in boiling water so that the original fabric construction is obscured by the felted surface.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2012/13 (Textile Outlook International Issue 154)

Bonded fabric:
a nonwoven fabric in which the fibres are held together by a bonding material. This may be an adhesive or a bonding fibre with a low melting point. Alternatively, the material may be held together by stitching.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2012/13 (Textile Outlook International Issue 154)

Bonding agent:
see binder.
Last referenced in: Developments in medical textiles, 4th quarter 2009 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 79)

Boot cut:
a style of jeans which are tightly fitted around the hips and thighs of a person but become slightly wider from the knees downwards.

Bouclé:
a compound yarn comprising a twisted core with an effect-yarn wrapped around it so as to produce loops on the surface.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Bouclette:
a small bouclé effect.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Yarn Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2009/10 (Textile Outlook International Issue 136)

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