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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Tex:
a measure of linear density; the weight in grams of 1,000 metres of fibre or yarn.
Last referenced in: Nanofibres: From Finer Filters to Advances in Electronics, Energy and Medical Applications (Technical Textile Markets Issue 74)

Textile safeguard:
(see also product-specific safeguard, safeguard) under the terms of China=s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), a special safeguard provision was available to members of the WTO for restricting imports of Chinese textile and apparel products in the event of market disruption due to increased imports. In general, any export restraint imposed was not permitted to last longer than one year unless it had been reapplied through further consultations, or otherwise agreed to by China and the WTO member. The special textile safeguard mechanism was applicable until the end of 2008.
Last referenced in: Trends in world textile and clothing trade, January 2012 (Textile Outlook International Issue 154)

Textured yarn:
a continuous filament yarn that has been processed to introduce durable crimps, coils, loops or other fine distortions along the lengths of the filaments.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Texturing:
a process during which a textured yarn is produced.
Last referenced in: Prospects for the textile and clothing industry in China (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Texturising:
see texturing.

Thai silk:
silk from Thailand typified by a rough texture.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Thermal bonding:
part of a production route for making nonwovens in which a web, which must contain some meltable synthetic fibres, is heated by a hot gas or by calendering. The fibres melt and form inter-fibre bonds.
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 1st quarter 2014 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Thermal insulation:
the property of a fabric or garment to prevent heat loss between one surface and the other. Important in outerwear garments.
Last referenced in: Profile of Craghoppers: a leading supplier of world travel and adventure clothing (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 48)

Thermoplastic yarns:
yarns which are deformable by applying heat and pressure without any accompanying change. The deformation is reversible.

Thermoplastics:
a type of resin or polymer which can be remelted after cross-linking. Examples include polyolefins, such as polyethylene and polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethylene terephthalate.
Last referenced in: Performance apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2014 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 48)

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