We use cookies to improve your browsing experience. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to accept cookies from our website. You can change your browser's cookie settings at any time. To find out more about how we use cookies and how to manage your browser settings read our cookies policy.
Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Caustic washing:
a scouring process which uses sodium hydroxide to remove non-cellulosic impuritiesincluding hemicelluloses, mineral salts, pectin and waxfrom cotton. The process yields a fabric which possesses a high and even wettability so that it can be bleached and dyed uniformly.

Cavalry twill:
a firm warp-faced cloth, woven to produce a steep twill effect.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2014/15 (Textile Outlook International Issue 166)

Cellophane effect:
an effect created in a fabric which gives it the iridescent appearance of cellophane.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2013/14 (Textile Outlook International Issue 160)

Cellulosic fibres:
fibres made or chemically derived from a naturally occurring cellulose raw material.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Spring/Summer 2012 (Textile Outlook International Issue 150)

Cellulosic filament:
filaments made or chemically derived from a naturally occurring cellulose raw material.
Last referenced in: Dornbirn 2013 -- developments and opportunities in man-made fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 95)

Centinewton (cN):
a unit of force used to measure the strength of a textile yarn (see tenacity).

Centipoise:
a measure of viscosity, equal to 0.001 newton second per m2.

Centrifugal casting (composites):
in this process the reinforcing fibres and the resin are introduced into a rotating cylindrical metal mould and the speed of rotation gradually increased. The resin impregnates the reinforcement under the influence of the centrifugal

CFRP:
carbon fibre reinforced plastic.
Last referenced in: Editorial: innovations in composites for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Chafer fabric:
a fabric coated with vulcanised rubber which is wrapped around the bead section of a tyre before vulcanisation of the complete tyre. Its purpose is to maintain an abrasion-resistant layer of rubber in contact with the wheel on which the tyre is mounted.

previous next