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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Binder:
an adhesive material used to hold fibres together in a nonwoven structure.
Last referenced in: A strong future for carbon, glass, synthetic and natural fibre textiles in composites (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Binder (composite):
a resinous adhesive which secures random fibres in chopped strand mat or continuous strand roving.

Binder (nonwoven):
an adhesive material used to hold fibres together in a nonwoven structure.

Biocompatibility:
compatibility with living tissue or a living system by not being toxic or injurious.
Last referenced in: Developments in medical textiles, 3rd quarter 2013 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 94)

Bio-feedback:
the measurement of a subject's quantifiable bodily functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, sweat gland activity and muscle tension and the conveyance of those measurements to the subject in real time to raise his awareness.
Last referenced in: Smart textiles and wearable technology: opportunities for life enhancement and health management (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 39)

Biopolishing:
a finishing process which uses cellulase enzymes to remove fibre fuzz and pills from the fabric surface.

Biostatic materials:
materials which inhibit the passage of biologically active compounds.

Birdseye:
a fabric woven to produce a pattern of very small, uniform spots.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2011/12 (Textile Outlook International Issue 148)

Birefringence:
difference between the refractive index of a fibre measured parallel to the fibre axis and that measured perpendicular to the fibre axis. Birefringence is frequently used as a measure of the orientation of the macromolecules within the fibre.
Last referenced in: Innovations in fibres, textiles, apparel and machinery, November-December 2008 (Textile Outlook International Issue 138)

Bi-shrinkage yarn:
a yarn containing two different types of filament, which have different shrinkages.
Last referenced in: Profiles of 18 Textile and Apparel Companies in Indonesia (Textile Outlook International Issue 148)

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