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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Festooning:
festooning, or plaiting, is used in the case of materials which can not be wound on to a roller prior to further processing for reasons of practicalities or economics. For instance, if the fabric is thick but narrow there is a practical limit on the amoun
Last referenced in: Editorial: Weaker Markets Spur Acquisitions in the European Technical Textile Industry (Technical Textile Markets Issue 78)

FIBCs:
flexible intermediate bulk containers. Large polypropylene woven containers used for packaging and carrying granulated bulk goods. FIBCs are suitable for containing or carrying loads between 500 and 2,000 kg.
Last referenced in: Sewing needles and threads for technical textiles (Technical Textile Markets Issue 93)

Fibre:
a material used to make textiles which is flexible, fine, and has a high ratio of length to thickness.
Last referenced in: World textile and apparel trade and production trends: the USA, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico, November 2009 (Textile Outlook International Issue 142)

Fibre reinforced composite (FRC):
a product formed by intimately combining two or more discrete physical phases—usually a solid matrix, such as a resin, and a fibrous reinforcing component.
Last referenced in: Profile of AGY: A World Leader in Glass Fibre Technology (Technical Textile Markets Issue 86)

Fibrefill:
staple fibres used for stuffing or padding quilts, upholstery and toys, etc.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: 20 medium sized producers, part 2 of 3, 2012-13 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

Fibreglass:
glass which has been extruded into extremely fine filaments, of the order of a few microns in diameter. Glass filaments may be treated with special binders and processed in a similar manner to textile fibres. The fibres are available in many forms, includ
Last referenced in: Product developments and innovations in the home textiles market, April 2014 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

Fibrillation:
the longitudinal splitting of a fibre or filament to give either micro-fine surface hairs or a complete breakdown into sub-micron fibres. In fabrics for apparel, fibrillation can be used to create a variety of surface textures and attractive aesthetics. In hydroentangled nonwoven fabrics, the fibrils make entanglement easier and can give added strength to the fabric.
Last referenced in: Leading Edge Technologies for Textile Finishing (Textile Outlook International Issue 152)

Fibroin:
a tough, elastic protein which forms the principal component of raw silk.

Fil coupé:
extra, floating, wefts which are embodied in a fabric, particularly a jacquard, and can be cut to produce a fringe effect.

Filament:
a fibre of indefinite length.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European yarn fairs for spring/summer 2015 (Textile Outlook International Issue 168)

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