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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Caprolactam:
a chemical intermediate used in the manufacture of polyamide (nylon).
Last referenced in: Performance apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 4th quarter 2013 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 47)

Carbon fibre:
a man-made fibre containing at least 90% of carbon obtained by controlled pyrolysis of appropriate fibres (known as precursors).
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 4th quarter 2012 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

Carbon nanotube:
A nanotube made entirely of carbon. Carbon nanotubes are typically up to 100 times as strong as steel.
Last referenced in: Technical textile markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2014 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Carbonisation:
a chemical process for eliminating vegetable matter from animal fibres such as wool by degrading it to an easily friable (readily crumbled) condition. The process usually involves treatment with an acid followed by heating. Hydrochloric acid gas is used i
Last referenced in: Editorial: Dornbirn 2012 -- A Showcase for New Cellulosic Fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 91)

Carded:
description of a continuous web or sliver produced by carding.
Last referenced in: Global technical textiles business update, 2nd quarter 2012 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 89)

Carding:
the disentanglement, cleaning and intermixing of fibres to produce a continuous web or sliver suitable for subsequent processing. This is achieved by passing the fibres between moving pins, wires or teeth.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: ten smaller producers, part 3 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 96)

Cashmere:
hair with a mean diameter of 18.5 microns or less from the downy undercoat of Asiatic or selectively bred feral goats.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Yarn Fairs for Spring/Summer 2010 (Textile Outlook International Issue 139)

Caterpillar yarn:
yarn with protruding tufts which gives the appearance of a caterpillar.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Autumn/Winter 2010/11 (Textile Outlook International Issue 143)

Cationic dye:
a type of dye used on modified polyester, modified nylon or acrylic in order to achieve special effects, such as cross dyeing, in fabric form (see also cationic dyeable yarn (CDY).
Last referenced in: Dornbirn 2013 -- developments and opportunities in man-made fibres (Technical Textile Markets Issue 95)

Cationic dyeable yarn (CDY):
a yarn dyed with cationic dye, usually made from modified polyester, modified nylon or acrylic, which is often used to achieve cross?dyed effects. Cationic dyeable yarn can be used in a pattern with regular yarn in the same fabric. The pattern becomes visible by dyeing the fabric in two baths, one for each of the types of yarn. When cationic fibre is fixed with conventional fibre, various multicoloured and cross?dye effects can be achieved from a single dye bath.
Last referenced in: Profiles of 18 Textile and Apparel Companies in Indonesia (Textile Outlook International Issue 148)

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