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Glossary
    in Terms
    in Terms & Definitions
 
Adsorbency:
the retention of films of liquid on the surface of a textile material.
Last referenced in: Innovations in fibres, textiles, apparel and machinery, November-December 2002 (Textile Outlook International Issue 102)

AGOA:
African Growth and Opportunity Act. The act, implemented in October 2000, provides for duty-free and quota-free access to the US market for apparel made in Sub-Saharan Africa. To qualify for AGOA benefits, apparel must be made in an eligible Sub-Saharan African country and, normally, be produced from materials formed within the region or in the USA. For a limited period, however, the third-country fabric provision permits apparel makers in lesser developed Sub-Saharan African countries to source materials globally without losing AGOA benefits.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: business update, 1st quarter 2014 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 25)

Air laying:
a method in which fibres are first dispersed into an air stream, and then condensed from the air stream on to a permeable cage or conveyor to form a web or batt of staple fibres.

Air permeability:
the volume of air passing through a fabric under pressure.
Last referenced in: Global apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 1st quarter 2013 (Global Apparel Markets Issue 21)

Air texturing:
a process in which yarns are over-fed through a turbulent air stream so that entangled loops are formed in the filaments.
Last referenced in: Performance apparel markets: product developments and innovations, 3rd quarter 2010 (Performance Apparel Markets Issue 34)

Air-laid:
a web or batt of staple fibres formed using the air laying process.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: 20 medium sized producers, part 2 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 95)

Air-textured yarn:
a multi-filament yarn which has been given increased bulk through the formation of loops, achieved by passing the yarn through air jets.
Last referenced in: The world nonwovens industry: 20 medium sized producers, part 2 of 3, 2013-14 (Technical Textile Markets Issue 95)

Air-through bonding:
a process in which a web containing fibres with a low melting point is bonded in a carefully controlled hot air stream.

Ajour:
an embroidery technique which creates open areas, often in figured patterns and usually on a woven fabric.

Ajouré:
an embroidery technique which creates open areas, often in figured patterns and usually on a woven fabric.
Last referenced in: Survey of the European Fabric Fairs for Spring/Summer 2010 (Textile Outlook International Issue 140)

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